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**Euclid the master of masters who was called as father of geometry**

The early life of Euclid is not
known. He was a Greek and had his education in Athens. Later he moved to
Alexandria where he is said to have become the

**“first professor of geometry”**in a university founded by Ptolemy. He is primarily known by his works.
Euclid cannot
be called the originator or father of geometry, because geometry was slowly
developing in Greece for more than a thousand years before him. He had a number
of famous predecessors like Hippocrates of Chios, Thales, and the Pythagoreans.

Euclid was a
great compiler of the works of his predecessors and was a greater creative
mathematician. The elements of Geometry were his great work. It was more than a
compendium of existing geometrical knowledge. In fact, this work was a classic
text book for generations and trained the youth of the whole civilized world in
exact reasoning. Archimedes, Galileo, Newton and a host of other great
mathematicians were deeply influenced by this work. So Euclid is rightly
described as the master of masters. His book includes algebra and arithmetic
too.

Euclid became angry with those who asked him; 1) what is the
use of geometry? Or 2) is there any easy way of learning geometry? There are
two familiar anecdotes to prove this. Once a student, after learning the first
theorem, asked Euclid: Sir! What shall k gain by learning this? Euclid ordered
his servant: Give him an Obol(a Greek coin), because he wants a gain.

Euclid geometry is essentially two – dimensional. It is
erroneous in terms of the spherical geometry used by astronomers and
navigators. The error is due to the fact that he proceeded on the assumption
that the earth is flat. He said that the shortest distance between two points
is a straight line. In navigation the shortest distance line. In navigation the
shortest distance is not the straight line but an arc, technically known as a
geodesic. Any two geodesics always enclose a space.

Yet, Euclid’s element is the most famous mathematical
treatise of all time and was widely used by the Arabs and the medieval Europe. As
far as the elementary geometry is concerned, it is the only example of a text-book
that has remained, serviceable for twenty two centuries until today.

The beginning of Ancient mathematician Euclid history and his techniques (FATHER OF GEOMETRY)
Reviewed by knowledge people creators
on
June 26, 2019
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