Food and Nutrition - what are the Energy producers?



Balance diet

The diet which contains all the food constituents namely protein, carbohydrates, mineral salts, vitamins and water in right proportion is called balance diet.

Energy producers

Carbohydrates and fats on their oxidation yield certain amount of energy, which is necessary for the performance of the various vital activates of the body. These substances are referred to as energy producers.

Energy has been measured in terms of calories.

Poverty line is measured in terms of intake of calories.

A 1 gm carbohydrate yields 4.1 calories.
A 1 gm protein yields 4 calories.
A 1 gm fat yields 9.3 calories.

Protein

The name protein was first proposed by mulder. Proteins are formed from simpler unit called amino acids. They are an important constituent of cells and tissues. All protein is composed of carbon, hydrogen, oxygen, nitrogen and some amount of sulphur and phosphorous. Pulses are the rich source of protein. Soyabeen has more protein content than any other pulses.




Vitamins

 Dr Funk coined the word vitamins.

These occur in natural food and are not produced in our body.  Without them, the organism develops deficiency disease.

Fat soluble vitamins - vitamin A, B, D and K
Water soluble vitamins – B complex group and C.

Vitamin A

It is essential for the maintenance of normal epithelial tissues including cornea and conjunctiva.

Deficiency disease

Xerophthalmia (dryness of the cornea)
Nyetalopia (night blindness)

Vitamin D

It is essential for normal calcium and phosphorous metabolism.

Deficiency disease

Rickets
Osteomalacia
It is manufactured in the body by the action of the UV rays of sunlight in the skin called ergosterol.

Vitamin E

This is essential for normal fertility and prevention of hair fall.

Vitamin K

This is essential for clotting of blood.

Vitamin B

This is essential for normal growth, appetite and for the proper functioning of the nervous system. Deficiency of vitamin B causes Beriberi.

Vitamin B2

This is essential for cellular respiration. Deficiency of vitamin B2 causes reddening of the eye.

Vitamin B6

This is essential for metabolism of protein, fat and carbohydrates. Deficiency of vitamin B6 causes Anemia, dermatitis, nervousness.

Vitamin B12

It is essential of formation of RBC. Deficiency of vitamin B12 causes pernicious anemia.

Vitamin C

This is essential for intracellular metabolism. Deficiency of vitamin C causes scurvy.

Food and Nutrition - what are the Energy producers? Food and Nutrition - what are the Energy producers? Reviewed by knowledge people creators on July 09, 2020 Rating: 5
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